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The Delivery Charges incurred in sending the Books will have to paid by purchaser. Courier Charges based on your location. Registered Post as early as possible. This article uncritically uses texts from within a religion or faith system without referring to secondary sources that critically analyze them. For the founder of the Divine Life Society, see Sivananda Saraswati.
Tarak Nath Ghosal, was a Hindu spiritual leader and a direct disciple of Ramakrishna, who became the second president of the Ramakrishna Mission. Shivananda was born in the village of Barasat in Bengal. His father was Ramakanai Ghoshal, a pious Brahmin who had a substantial income as a lawyer. He was a follower of tantra in his personal life. He and his first wife Vamasundari Devi, the mother of Tarak, provided free board and lodging to twenty five to thirty poor students.
After completing his school studies, Tarak took up a job with Mackinnon Mackenzie in Calcutta to help his father. Group photo taken on 30 January 1887 In Baranagar Math, Kolkata. Tarak saw Ramakrishna for the first time at the house of Ramchandra Dutta in May 1880. Tarak therefore agreed to marry a daughter of the prospective bridegroom’s family. Three years later his wife died and Tarak started living sometimes in a devotee’s house and sometimes in lonely places, till the Baranagar Math was started. Tarak continued to visit Dakshineswar till Ramakrishna fell ill and was brought, first to the Shyampukur house and then later to the Cossipore Garden House.
In Cossipore, Tarak joined with others including Narendranath Dutta, later known as Swami Vivekananda, to serve Ramakrishna. Tarak was one of the first to settle there. Thus began the Baranagar monastery of the Ramakrishna Math. During his itinerant period, Shivananda travelled throughout northern India. He went to Almora, where he was acquainted with a local rich man, Lala Badrilal Shah, an admirer of Ramakrishna’s disciples.
During the latter part of 1893, Tarak also met E. Sturdy, an Englishman interested in theosophy, who later became an admirer and follower of Vivekananda after he met him in England. Tarak’s itinerant life came to an end when Vivekananda returned to India in 1897. He went to Madras to receive Vivekananda, and came back with him to Calcutta. Vivekananda sent Shivananda to Ceylon, now Sri Lanka, to spread Vedanta there.
There he held classes on Gita and the Raja Yoga. In 1902, just before Vivekananda’s death, he went to Varanasi to start the Advaita Ashrama using the donation by Raja of Bhinga to Vivekananda. There he remained as head for seven years. Money was short, and they lived austerely. About this time he translated Vivekananda’s Chicago lectures into local Hindi. In 1910 he was elected Vice-President of Ramakrishna Mission. Shivananda was also one of the original trustees of Belur Math.
Math and Mission fell on Shivananda. Tarak was married in his teens but, with the consent of his young wife, he lived an absolutely chaste life. After the foundation of Belur Math he came to be known as ‘Mahapurush Maharaj’. From 1930 on, Shivananda’s health broke down rapidly. In April 1933 he suffered a stroke and developed paralysis of one side.
On 20 February 1934, a few days after Ramakrishna’s birthday, Shivananda died. The small room adjacent to the Old Shrine at Belur Math became known as the ‘Room of Shivananda’. Under Shivananda’s presidency, the Ramakrishna Mission slowly expanded in other locations. He established centres in Ootacamund, Nagpur and Bombay.
Centres were also opened in various foreign locations. In 1915 he established a Ramakrishna mission centre in Almora. He initiated many people after the death of Brahmananda. It will not do to be restless. Behind work there should be meditation. Without meditation work cannot be performed in a way which conduces to spiritual growth. Shivananda washed the soiled clothes of a sick inmate to his monastery in Benaras.